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Wednesday, August 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems found in the catalog.

Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems

Robert D. Witcofski

Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems

by Robert D. Witcofski

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office, for sale by the National Technical Information Office in [Washington], Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Petroleum, Synthetic.,
  • Coal liquefaction.,
  • Airplanes -- Fuel.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementRobert D. Witcofski.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum ; 78696, NASA technical memorandum -- 78696.
    ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination24 p. :
    Number of Pages24
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18013774M

    Production of liquid fuels from coal has a long history and significant advances have been made in the technology over the past several decades. In the early s Bergius reacted coal with hydrogen and process solvent at high temperature and pressure and produced a coal-derived liquid or synthetic crude oil. This direct liquefaction approach. Jan 25,  · If the services are indeed to use alternative fuels in tactical weapon systems, these fuels must be able to substitute for one or more of the three petroleum-based distillate fuels that currently support the majority of military operations: the two military jet fuels, JP-8 and JP-5 (“JP” stands for “jet propellant”), and naval distillate (F).

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Industrial Environmental Research Office of Research and Development Laboratory Research Triangle Park, North Carolina EPA/ December TECHNICAL MANUAL FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FUELS Interagency Energy-Environment Research and Development Program Report. Energy Fuels All Publications/Website x. Select a CAS section from the 5 main topical divisions Evaluation of Operating and Design Parameters of Pressurized Flue Gas Systems with Integrated Removal of NO x and SO x. Sima Ajdari, Fredrik Normann, Coal-Derived Soot Behaviors in O 2 /N 2 and O 2 /CO 2 Atmospheres.

    Mar 27,  · Gasoline FAQ - Part 1 of 4. Gasoline FAQ - Part 1 of 4. If the crude oil price exceeds $30/bbl then alternative fuels may become competitive, and at $/bbl coal-derived liquid fuels are economic, as are many biomass-derived fuels and other energy sources [8]. MTBE works by retarding the progress of the low temperature or cool-flame. May 03,  · Alternative fuels and propulsion systems australian governemnt 1. Alternative Fuels and Propulsion Systems: Some Technology Trends and Possible Implications for the Future Army Peter J Dortmans Land Operations Division Systems Sciences Laboratory DSTO-TN ABSTRACT Alternative fuels and propulsion systems are key emerging science and technology areas that will .


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Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems by Robert D. Witcofski Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems. [Robert D Witcofski; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Office.].

PROGRESS ON COAL-DERIVED FUELS FOR AVIATION SYSTEMS Robert D. Witcofski NASA Langley Research Center SUMMARY The results of engineering studies of coal-derived aviation fuels and' their potential application to the air transportation system are presented.

Synthetic aviation kerosene (SYN. Advanced thermally stable jet fuels. Technical progress report, January March systems exist for utilising this resource to provide liquid fuels. >> Ultra-clean coal-derived fuels can be used for transport, cooking and stationary power generation, and as a feedstock for the chemicals industry.

Direct coal liquefaction converts coal to a liquid by dissolving coal in a solvent at high temperature and pressure. This process is. Coal is currently a major source of fuel for power generation, industrial heat, and, on a smaller scale, manufacture of coke and by-product coal tar.

In the mid to long-term, anticipated increases in the cost of natural gas and petroleum relative to coal are expected to increase the incentive for. Deposit formation in liquid fuels. Effect of coal-derived Lewis bases on storage stability of Jet A turbine fuel Kenneth E. Dahlin, Stephen R. Daniel and Jonathan H.

Worstell Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, ColoradoUSA (Received 7 October 1 ) The development of reasonably precise techniques for the measurement of storage stability of Cited by: Production of Jet Fuels from Coal-Derived Liquids.

Volume Thermal Stability of Coal-Derived Jet Fuels Jet fuels, Coal derived jet fuels, Coal, Coal liquids, JP-4, JP-8, JP-8X, Oxygenates. Aviation gas turbine alternative fuels: A review. The first alternative fuel to be considered for aviation use was a coal derived fuel from Sasol.

When the specification bodies were approached to clear this fuel the first thing that they did was to change the fuel specification to stop it being used. Turbine fuels, Aviation Kerosene Cited by: Coal liquefaction is a process of converting coal into liquid hydrocarbons: liquid fuels and simplicityhsd.com process is often known as "Coal to X", where X can be many different hydrocarbon-based products.

However, the most common process chain is "Coal to Liquid Fuels" (CTL). Mar 30,  · New fuel for the next generation of military aircraft is the goal of a team of Penn State researchers who are demonstrating that jet fuel can be made from bituminous coal.

The component characteristics of coal-based jet fuels are compared with the traditional petroleum-based jet fuels. There are large differences between the properties of the coal-based jet fuel via direct and indirect liquefaction pathways.

Progress on coal-derived fuels for aviation systems. NASA Technical Memorandum ( Cited by: 1. @article{osti_, title = {Commercial jet fuel quality control}, author = {Strauss, K.H.}, abstractNote = {The paper discusses the purpose of jet fuel quality control between the refinery and the aircraft.

It describes fixed equipment, including various types of filters, and the usefulness and limitations of this equipment. Test equipment is reviewed as are various surveillance procedures.

In Chapter 4 a strategic planning framework was established to assess planning for coal-related RDD&C. The framework is based on projected scenarios for future energy demand and markets for coal technologies, taking into account likely future environmental requirements, competing energy sources, institutional issues, international activities, and other factors affecting the demand for coal.

Jet fuel specifications are subject to constant tension between performance requirements and availability/cost considerations. In this paper we will discuss how jet fuels have evolved over the years from the first engines to current gas turbine engines.

Jet fuels derived from nonpetroleum sources will also be simplicityhsd.com by: Coal-derived alternative fuels for vehicle use in China: A review China should develop coal-derived alternative fuels with full considerations of these constraints. Jet A-1 or JP Synthetic fuel or synfuel is a liquid fuel, or sometimes gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstocks such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas.

Common ways for refining synthetic fuels include the Fischer–Tropsch conversion, methanol to gasoline conversion, or direct coal. A study of carbon concentrates separated by a number of different commercial and laboratory methods from various coal-combustion fly ashes was undertaken to determine what common and unique chemical and physical properties can be expected in such concentrates.

The properties were determined using a variety of physical and spectroscopic characterization methods and then were compared among the. Home» Early Days of Coal Research. America Becomes Interested in Synthetic Fuels Research.

Nonetheless, the octane unleaded coal-derived gasoline it produced was found equal to conventional petroleum-based gasoline. The synthetic gasoline fueled the motor vehicles used by the plant. Additionally, jet fuels must meet ASTM International specifications and potentially be a % drop-in replacement for the current petroleum jet fuel.

The combustion characteristics and engine tests demonstrate the benefits of running the aviation gas turbine with biojet fuels. Combustion of Coal-Derived Fuel Gas in an Oxygen-Blown Pressurized Topping Combustor.

Peter D. Hoppesteyn, Effects of Temperature on Formation of Insolubles in Aviation Fuels. Walter J. Balster, E. Grant Jones. GT ; VT06A doi: Progress on Comparison Study of the Erosion of Conventionally Machined and Macrolaminated Pressure.

The physical properties of direct sugar to hydrocarbon diesel (DSH) and several binary mixtures of n-hexadecane and 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane were measured in this work.

The density and viscosity were measured at temperatures ranging from ( to ) K, and the pure component values fell within the range of previously reported simplicityhsd.com by: "Pyrolytic Degradation Studies of a Coal-derived and a Petroleum-derived Aviation Jet Fuel." - Energy & Fuels (ACS Publications).

American Chemical Society, Web. 03 Feb. Velu, S., Xiaoliang Ma, and Chunshan Song. "Selective Adsorption for Removing Sulfur from .Adaptability of the Solar Advanced Turbine Systems to Biomass and Coal Derived Fuels. David J. White Modelling Turbulent Combustion in a Non-Adiabatic CO/H 2 Flame Using Reaction Progress Variables.

Jim B. W Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Metal Deactivator and Other Additives in Reducing Insolubles in Aviation Fuels. E. Grant.